Ningbo, abbreviated as “Yong”, is a sub-provincial city and a separate city in Zhejiang Province. It is an important port city in the southeast coast of China and an economic center in the south wing of the Yangtze River Delta approved by the State Council. As of 2018, the city has 6 districts, 2 counties, and 2 county-level cities under its jurisdiction, with a total area of 9816 square kilometers, a built-up area of 345.49 square kilometers, a resident population of 8.202 million, and an urban population of 5.799 million. The urbanization rate was 72.9%.
Ningbo is located in the east of China, the southeast coast, the middle section of the mainland coastline, the south wing of the Yangtze River Delta, and the Zhoushan Islands as a natural barrier in the east. Ningbo is a typical Jiangnan water town and harbour city. "Oriental Departure Port. Ningbo Zhoushan Port ranks first in the world in terms of annual cargo throughput, and the container volume ranks among the top three in the world. It is a multi-functional, comprehensive and modern deep-water port integrating inland ports, estuary ports and sea ports.
Ningbo is a transportation hub in eastern Zhejiang, and the three-dimensional transportation by land, sea, air and water is developing rapidly. Beilun Port, which is known as the "Oriental Grand Port", is well-known at home and abroad. There is an air bridge between Lishe Airport and Hong Kong and major cities across the country. Railways, highways, water transportation, and city traffic are all extending.
Ningbo is a national historical and cultural city. In the Xia Dynasty of more than 2,000 BC, Ningbo was named "Yin", and it was a state of Vietnam during the spring and autumn. Qin Shi belonged to the three counties of Yin, Yan and Juzhang in Kuaiji County. In the first year of Changqing in the Tang Dynasty (821), Mingzhou Prefecture moved to Sanjiangkou and built an inner city, marking the beginning of Ningbo's city. In the 14th year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1381), it was renamed "Ningbo Boning" and changed its name to Ningbo. It has been used to this day and is the hometown of famous academicians in China.
Ningbo is the birthplace of Chinese businessmen. One-fourth of the Shanghainese who claim to be "China's smartest" are from Ningbo. Compared with Wenzhou people, Ningbo people prefer to do big business. There have been a large number of internationally renowned business giants such as "ship king" Bao Yugang. Therefore, it is known as "Ningbo Big Boss" and "Wenzhou Small Boss".
Ningbo is also a famous hometown of overseas Chinese, with more than 300,000 Ningbo nationals living in more than 50 countries and regions in the world. Overseas "Ningbo Gang" has become an important bridge and link between Ningbo and the rest of the world.
Ningbo is an economic center and chemical industry base in the south wing of the Yangtze River Delta, an industrial and commercial city in East China, and one of the economic centers of Zhejiang Province. Since Ningbo opened its port, industry and commerce have been a big name card of Ningbo. Especially since the reform and opening up, Ningbo's economy has continued to develop rapidly, showing great vitality and potential, and has become one of the most active regions in the domestic economy.
In 2019, Ningbo achieved a regional GDP of 119.501 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 6.8%, and the growth rate was 0.7 percentage points higher than the national level. In terms of industries, the added value of the first industry was 32.23 billion yuan, an increase of 2.3%; the added value of the second industry was 578.29 billion yuan, an increase of 6.2%; the added value of the tertiary industry was 587.99 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%. The ratio of the three industries is 2.7: 48.2: 49.1, and the contribution rates of primary, secondary, and tertiary industries to GDP growth are 1.0%, 44.8%, and 54.2%, respectively (according to China ’s GDP accounting system and the fourth national economic census revision results, 2018 The annual GDP of Ningbo was 11.1193 trillion yuan, and the value-added structure of the three industries was 2.7: 49.2: 48.1). The per capita GDP was 143,000 yuan, or 21,000 US dollars.
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